Physiotherapy treatment is very important to treat COVID patients. WHO and World Physiotherapy also giving priority Physiotherapy for COVID patients.
•In-Patient on Mechanical Ventilator
•Positioning – Prone positioning / propped up (60 degree)
vibration, percussion (if D - Dimer normal)
General limb movement as much as tolerated by the patient
Active Mobilization (if possible, by patient)
•Post Extubation in ICU
•Alternate Nostril breathing
•Patient not in ventilator
•Positioning prone (12 to 16 hours) propped up
vibration with proper assessment
percussion with proper assessment
slow deep breathing
ACBT as tolerated
Incentive spirometry as tolerated
Sitting on bed / chair
Bedside ambulation if tolerated
conscious proning (12 – 16 hours)
propped – up positioning (2 – 4 hours)
Slow deep breathing
Coughing out if congestion present
Chest percussion if congestion present
Chest vibration if congestion present
Incentive spirometry (inhalation only)
Isometric exercise as tolerated
Graded functional exercise
Ambulated as tolerated
•For stable patient (General ward)
Lung expansion technique
Manual mobilization to the rib cage
Respiratory muscle training
•Exercise after leaving Hospital
•Increase muscle strength
•Improve balance and coordination
• Improve your thinking • Reduce stress and improve mood
• Increase confidence • Improve your energy
•Warming up prepares your body for exercise to prevent injury. Your warm-up should last around 5 minutes, and at the end you should feel slightly breathless. Warm-up exercises can be done in sitting or in standing. If you do your warm-up in standing, hold on to a stable surface for support if needed. Repeat each movement 2-4 times
•You should aim to do fitness exercise for 20-30 minutes, 5 days each week.
•Some examples of different types of fitness exercises are described below, but any activity that makes you feel moderately to almost severely breathless can be counted towards your fitness exercise. Time your fitness exercise and gradually build up the amount of time you can manage. This may be in small increases such as an additional 30 seconds or 1 minute of activity. It may take a while to return to the level of activity you were normally able to do before you became unwell.
Walking — Use a walking frame, crutches, or stick if needed — Choose a route that is relatively flat
•Progressing this exercise: — Increasing the speed or distance you walk, or if accessible
- include walking uphill in your route
When you might choose this exercise: — If you can get outdoors to exercise
Jogging or cycling — Only do jogging or cycling if it is medically safe for you
•When you might choose this exercise: — If walking is not making you out of breath enough — If you could jog or cycle before you became unwell
•Strengthening exercises will help improve muscles that have become weaker as a result of your illness. You should aim to do three sessions of strengthening exercise each week. Strengthening exercises will not make you feel breathless in the same way as fitness exercises. Instead, your muscles will feel like they have worked hard.
•You should aim to complete up to 3 sets of 10 repetitions of each exercise, taking a short rest in between each set. Do not worry if you find these exercises hard. If you do, start with a smaller number of repetitions in each set and build up to achieving sets of 10. As you get better with the exercises, use heavier weights to make your muscles work harder. You can use tins of food or bottles of water as weights.
•Some strengthening exercises for your arms and legs are described below, which can be done in sitting or standing. These can be done in any order. Keep a good posture, with your back straight and your tummy tucked in, and complete the exercises slowly.
•Remember to breathe in as you prepare to do the hardest part of the exercise and breathe out as you make the effort.
•Endurance exercises (when tolerated)
•Phase 1 / Initial Phase
•Phase 2 / Intermediate Phase
•Phase 3 / Final Phase
•Cool down exercises
•Cool down exercises allow your body to return to normal before stopping exercise. Your cool down should last approximately 5 minutes, and your breathing should be back to normal by the end. Try working through all these suggestions, but if you cannot manage all the exercises or stretches, do the ones that you can.
Start with low pace
Walking at a slower pace or gently marching on the spot, for approximately 2 minutes
Repeat the warm-up exercises to move your joints; these can be done in sitting or standing
Post Covid-19 physiotherapy advice and exercise programme by NHS
Support for Rehabilitation Self-Management after COVID-19- Related Illness by WHO
PHYSIOTHERAPY MANAGEMENT FOR COVID-19 IN THE PRIMARY, COMMUNITY AND ACUTE (HOSPITAL) SETTINGS GPA Preliminary Guideline for COVID-19. Version 1.0 April 23, 2020.
COVID-19 Proning for Self care by Ministry of Health & Family Welfare Government of India