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What Is A Neurodevelopmental Disorder?

The neuro-developmental disorder is a neurological condition in which the brain changes the way it functions and interferes with the cognitive development side, which makes it hard to retain, acquire, apply, and remember certain skills and information.

This interference causes dysfunction in how the person's brain works and causes changes in how they operate in normal life. The effects of neurodevelopmental disorder may last for the whole life, or maybe be cured,

What causes a Neurodevelopmental Disorder?

There are many causes of neurodevelopmental disorders. Genetics and environment may be the primary reason, and diseases like metabolic, infectious diseases, immune disorders, nutrition in some cases, etc can be called secondary reasons.

Some people, unfortunately at a young age, develop issues that make the brain function improperly and delay cognitive development till their adulthood. They grow up in age, but their brain functions and operates like a kid and there is no fault of theirs in it, it is completely genetic.

Social deprivation, immune dysfunction, and physical trauma can be other reasons as well. And various studies and research conducted recently found that there is a connection between the placenta and the brain, and issues in the placenta, can directly affect how the brain functions.

Signs and symptoms of Neurodevelopmental Disorder.

As there are many types of Neurodevelopmental Disorders, symptoms may differ depending on the type the person is diagnosed with.

But here are a few common signs and symptoms one may experience -

  • Weak Motor Skills.

  • Changes in Behaviour.

  • Weak social skills.

  • Difficulty remembering things, even names of the person.

  • Frequent mood changes, Joyful at a time but suddenly gets angry and upset.

  • Reduced learning capability.

  • No control over the body and mind. Etc.

  • Flapping hands.

  • Daydreaming.

  • Inactive and Inattentive in every area of life whether study, sports or others.

These were some common symptoms one may experience, and symptoms differ according to the type of disease you are diagnosed with.

What are the types of neurodevelopmental disorders?

There are many types of neurodevelopmental disorders, so far 10 have been found and few are yet in the research process.

But below are the most common ones -

  • ADHD (Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder).

  • Autistic Disorder.

  • Asperger's Disorder.

  • Childhood Disintegrative Disorder.

  • Rett's Disorder.

  • Pervasive Developmental Disorder.

  • Intellectual Disability or Mental Retardation.

  • Specific Learning Disorders etc.

Can neurodevelopmental disorders be cured?

Treatment of Neurodevelopmental Disorder depends on the type of disorder you are diagnosed with and its symptoms.

To answer the question of - whether neurodevelopmental disorders can be cured or not?

There is no clear answer to that, but the treatments involve a combination of therapies, medicines, nutrition, exercises, etc.

Generally, Non-pharmacological treatments (interventions) are recommended for those dealing with it. And it includes Cognitive behavior therapy, psychosocial support, neuropsychological rehabilitation, stimulation/non-stimulation monotherapy, integrative neurology, etc.

These treatments can help build and stimulate skills that the person lacks, and can provide the necessary support required to live a meaningful life.

How is a neurodevelopmental disorder diagnosed?

The disorder is diagnosed with the help of neurodevelopmental examination, which provides information related to the condition of the brain.

Various tests are done to identify which type of disorder the person or the child is diagnosed with and the tests may include - some developmental tests, laboratory tests, neurological examinations, brain imaging etc. These tests will predict the main disorder and based on that, the effective treatments required to treat them will be decided.

The results from the treatments may take some time to show, but the person will be in a better condition than before.

Conclusion -

Neurodevelopmental Disorders' effects may last for the whole life or may be cured by treatment because it is caused to a certain extent because of genetics.

So taking treatments along with medication, proper caretaking at home, and belief in yourself can help make a difference. Physiotherapy has proven to be a great way to help such patients with proven improvement in their behavior.

Physiotherapists at fit o fine use cutting-edge advanced practices that include but are not limited to the use of massages, movements, and exercises. Make an appointment with us so that one of our therapists can discuss the best treatment option for you.

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